International Organization for Migration, the United Nations’ migration agency, urges the European states to take urgent steps to reduce deaths on sea routes to Europe.
At least 1,146 people died attempting to reach Europe by sea in the first six months of 2021, more than doubling from the same period last year, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) said Wednesday.
In the first six months of 2020, the IOM said that 513 migrants are known to have drowned trying to make the crossing.
“IOM reiterates the call on states to take urgent and proactive steps to reduce loss of life on maritime migration routes to Europe and uphold their obligations under international law,” said the organisation’s director-general, António Vitorino.
“Increasing search-and-rescue efforts, establishing predictable disembarkation mechanisms and ensuring access to safe and legal migration pathways are key steps towards achieving this goal.”
People attempting to cross to Europe via the Mediterranean increased by 58 percent between January and June this year compared to the same period in 2020.
The Missing Migrants Project produced the report at the IOM’s Global Migration Data Analysis Center.
It shows increased deaths coupled with insufficient search and rescue operations in the Mediterranean and on the Atlantic route to the Canary Islands, where interceptions off the North African coast are also rising.
In the first half of 2021, most of the men, women and children who died trying to reach Europe were attempting to cross the Mediterranean, where 896 deaths were documented.
Of these, at least 741 people died on the Central Mediterranean route, while 149 people lost their lives crossing the Western Mediterranean and six died on the Eastern Mediterranean route from Turkey to Greece.
Some 250 people drowned attempting to reach Spain’s Canary Islands on the West Africa-Atlantic route in the same period.
However, that count may be low, said the IOM.
Non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in direct contact with those on board, or with families, have reported hundreds of cases of invisible shipwrecks.
Such cases, which are extremely difficult to verify, indicate that deaths on maritime routes to Europe are far higher than the available data.
The report also shows an increase for the second straight year in North African states’ maritime operations along the Central Mediterranean route.
More than 31,500 people were intercepted or rescued by North African authorities in the first half of 2021, compared to 23,117 in the first six months of 2020.
Such operations off the coast of Tunisia increased by 90 percent in the first six months of 2021 compared to the corresponding period of 2020.
In addition, over 15,300 people were returned to Libya in the first six months of 2021, almost three times higher than the same period in 2020 (5,476 people).
“This is concerning, given that migrants who are returned to Libya are subjected to arbitrary detention, extortion, disappearances and torture,” said the IOM.